The Book of Proverbs Notes
by Kevin Poston kevinposton
The Book Proverbs is a constant study and periodically updated. #kevinposton
Proverbs 1 Notes
#Verse 1 reaffirming Solomon is the writer of Ecclesiastes. Compare to verse 1 of Ecclesiastes.
Verse 2 The proverbs were written for all readers. No matter the generation.These proverbs give you the ability to know wisdom, knowledge and to have understanding.
Verse 3 to receive #wisdom and be full of thought. To be just or righteous giving Fair and righteous judgment. Equity or judgment without impartiality.
Verse 4 to give moral refinement to the simple, to the young knowledge of the Holy and caution when you go about your activities.
Verse 5 wise men of any age should hear and listen well, and he will increase in Learning. An understanding man will seek wise advice. (proverbs 15:12)
Verse 6 to deeper understand a proverb and be able to interpret it’s deeper meaning. The word of the wise and their dark inner riddle.
Verse 7 the awe of the infinite God. Awe of the holiest. Giving yourself to God. Is the beginning of knowledge. But fools despise all that is Godly and refuse all of God’s instructions, law, and commandments.
Verse 8 Solomon urges the young to listen to their parents, and do not forsake their laws.
Verse 9 ornaments (garlands or gold jewelry) were often wore by Israelite kings or those in high authority. Solomon is saying; if you obey these teachings, you will be like a king or man of high authority.
Verse 10 the simple — (an ignorant, #foolish, or gullible person) and the young are easily taken in by their peers. Whatever evil they ask, you should say no.
Verse 11 they will teach you to be #evil. You will hide and wait to murder the innocent. With no reason for being evil.
Verse 12 we will destroy them like the grave. Fast as those who fall into a pit to hell.
Verse 13 the evil men will entice you with the plunders you will receive. They will say we will have great possessions.
Verse 14 join us they say and get your share.
Verse 15 have nothing to do with this evil, and never start down the path of evil men.
Verse 16 they love to commit evil, and they think nothing of murder. (proverbs 6:18)
Verse 17 surely, all warnings are in vain because the simple refuses to heed it. They are still caught in the net of evil. No matter how well they are taught the truth, they will still become evil.
Verse 18 in their evil they destroy themselves. They are seeking their own damnation.
Verse 19 these are the patterns of the evil. The greed that leads to all sorts of evil, that takes away your life and soul.
Proverbs 2 Notes
Verse 1 if you will hear these words of wisdom and keep them in your heart and mind.
Verse 2 so you always keep your ears open to hear wisdom and apply your heart always to understanding (comprehend, sympathetic, good judgment.)
Verse 3 if you diligently seek knowledge or God and truly desire to understand.
Verse 4 seek her like silver, as men who mine for silver. Silver mining is a tedious, labor-intensive, and dangerous job. Also, searching for lost treasures is another tedious, labor-intensive, and dangerous job. Solomon tells us; this is how hard you should search to obtain wisdom.
Verse 5 you will know #God and his commands. You will find true knowledge, knowledge of God.
Verse 6 those seeking wisdom as silver receive it from God (James 1:5). God gives true Wisdom, #knowledge, and #understanding. Everything that comes from God’s Mouth is wisdom, knowledge, and understanding. How wonderful it would be When you opened your mouth, you would naturally speak wisdom.
Verse 7 God adds advancing or growing knowledge to the righteous. He is their shield and protector. This is true for the righteous that walk faithfully with God.
Verse 8 adding to the latter Verse, Solomon explains the protection of God more vividly. He keeps the wise on the correct path and preserves the path.
Verse 9 when you have learned these things you will know righteousness (what is morally right). You will gain good, unbiased, fair, and moral judgment.
Verse 10 this wisdom will be in your heart. This knowledge will be good for your soul.
Verse 11 this wisdom will also give you outwardly wisdom. Being discreet with your outward appearance and words. Not letting indiscretion make you or others stumble. (proverbs 11:22)
Verse 12 this wisdom will deliver you from the evil man. You will know when he is evil. Therefore, you can depart from him and his foolish and senseless words.
Verse 13 this wisdom will deliver you from those who leave uprightness (leave God.) to live a life of unrighteousness.
Verse 14 this wisdom will save you from the wicked who love to do evil. Those who delight in the word of complete disobedience spoken by the wicked.
Verse 15 the wicked is crooked, ruthless, cheaters, backbiters. Their path is rebellious, perverted, disobedient.
Verse 16 this wisdom delivers you from the immoral women.The whorish Women that draw fools into a sinful relationship with her flattery.
Verse 17 this whore has cheated on her spouse and has ignored God’s Covenant of marriage.
Verse 18 her house leads to death and her path of immorality to the dead. Speaking of the fool who enters her house for sex. Making themselves Immoral and sending themselves to hell.
Verse 19 none will return from the immoral women’s house. He takes pride in his deceitfulness. He refuses to give up his immortality, refusing repentance and God.
Verse 20 Solomon tells us this, so we will be as other good men, and we will stay righteous.
Verse 21 the just, honest, morally correct or righteous will dwell in their land. The perfect will remain in the land. Nkjv is more exact, replacing perfect with blameless. No man is perfect!
Verse 22 the wicked will be removed from their land. Wiped away from the Earth. The rebel or treacherous man will be plucked up like a useless weed in a garden and thrown away.
Proverbs 3 Notes
Guidance for the young
Verse 1 Do not forget my law and keep these commands in your heart.
Verse 2 These commands, if obeyed will give you long life and peace.
Verse 3 Do not let mercy, and the truth leave you. Memorize my words and hold them in your heart.So they can be easily remembered when needed.
Verse 4 If you obey these commands and always remember them. You will find favor from God and man.
Verse 5 Trust in God or have faith with all your heart. Do not believe you truly understand without God.
Verse 6 Acknowledge God in everything you do in life.In turn, God will correct you to direct you in righteousness.God will teach you right and wrong. This knowledge directs your path away from the wrong. Therefore, giving you a more peaceable life. Without travail and evil.
Verse 7 Do not be conceited and proud.Thinking you have achieved wisdom yourself, when man’s wisdom is only a failure.Fear the lord for this is the beginning of true wisdom (Proverbs 9:10, Psalm 111:10). Stay away from evil. Go away from evil when you find it.
Verse 8 The fear of God will be healthy for your body. I will strengthen your body.
Verse 9 Honor or praise God for the possessions he has given you on earth.Honor him with your first fruits or best of your possessions.(Exodus 23:19, Deuteronomy 26:2)
Verse 10 By the fear of God, your harvest or possessions will be much. Your vats (Barrels or drums that hold juice) will be so full of wine they will look they may burst.
The harvest and vats symbolizing that everything they possess will be greatly increased. With even more than ever before.
Verses 11-12 Here Solomon gives the example of God as a father.Punishing his children (Israel).Telling them not to despise God’s chastening (punishment) nor detest (severely hate) his correction. For he is our father disciplining his children because he loves us.(Proverbs 13:24, Hebrews 12:6)
Verse 13 Wisdom from Easton’s HTTP://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionaries/eastons-bible-dictionary/wise-wisdom.html Understanding from KJV dictionary http://av1611.com/kjbp/kjv-dictionary/understand.html
Verse 14 Her (wisdom)gain is better than silvers profit. Even better than fine Gold.
Verse 15 She (wisdom) is more precious than rubies. More precious than all earthly gain.
Verse 16 Here wisdom is portrayed as a magical deity. Being pleased with you grants you a length of days with her right hand.Riches and honor from her left hand.
Verse 17 Her (wisdom) when obtained, makes your life full of pleasantness. Her paths are peace for she sends you down the straight and safe path in life.You know evil and can avoid it. (Proverbs 3:6)
Verse 18 She is the tree of life. The tree of life mentioned in (Genesis 2:9, 3:22). Which wisdom could certainly be compared to. Those that do her will, will be happy.
Verse 19 Here we see that God used wisdom to form the earth. He made the heavens with understanding. This amount of wisdom and understanding is unimaginable to man. So wise that what forms in God’s mind by wisdom and understanding becomes reality.Most fail to see the awe in this.Rather, fools say it is impossible.
Verse 20 By wisdom God knew exactly when and where to put the depths in the earth.Making the oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and streams. With wisdom, he separated all this from the land.Making valleys, mountains, and flat ground. God by Knowledge knew how to make the clouds to swell up with water and drop dew and rain.
Proverbs 4 Notes
Verse 1 The beginning here is different in reference. Instead of reference to my son, Solomon references ye children. As though, he now speaks to the children of Israel. More than likely referring to his son Rehoboam (1 Kings 11:43) and his two daughters (1 Kings 4:11, 14).Asking them to listen to his wise instruction.Telling them to get understanding. Which we know, Rehoboam did not listen. For after his rise as king by foolishness he separated the nation of Israel.
Verse 2 Solomon here assures the listeners the goodness of his teachings.Warning them not to forsake the law he has taught them.
Verse 3 Solomon becomes nostalgic of sorts.Remembering the love of His father David and his mother Bathsheba.
Verse 4 Solomon shares the love received from his parents and passes it to the listener.Teaching them also what his wise father David had taught him.Remember his words he ‘says’ and keep his commandments to live.(Proverbs 3:6)
Verse 5 Get wisdom and understanding. Never forget them and never forget these words I tell you.
Verse 6 Solomon again uses a woman to represent wisdom. Be true to her, and she will take care of you.Love her, and she will keep you alive.
Verse 7 Wisdom is the most important thing to receive.So get wisdom and while obtaining wisdom gain understanding.
Verse 8 Regard wisdom highly, and it will promote you to a higher authority. It will bring you an honorable or respectable life.You will have this if you embrace wisdom.Love wisdom and cherish it like a spouse.
Verse 9 Again wisdom will give you honor and you will receive decorations of elegance as one in high authority.Wisdom will give you a crown of glory.(Proverbs 16:31)
Verse 10 Hear my words son and you will have many years of life.
Verse 11 I have taught you toward the path to obtaining wisdom. The path that is the path to righteousness.
Verse 12 Again the reassurance of wisdom’s correction to keep you on the right path. The ability for wisdom to clear your obstacles, so you will not stumble.
Verse 13 Firmly hold instruction and do not let it go.She (instruction) is your life.She is the keeper of your life for she keeps your path straight and destroys life’s obstacles.
Verses 14-15 The wise will never enter into the way of the wicked. The evil man’s paths are not straight and lead in all directions. They lead to many stumbling blocks and much trouble.Moreover, their path leads to hell. So do not go anywhere close to their path.Avoid it at all cost, never even get close enough that you may get ensnared in it.
Verse 16 This is a very true statement here by Solomon. Have you ever paid close attention to the evil person? You will see that theyperform their evil as one does a hobby. If they can not complete the task, of performing their hobby.They can not even rest for the aggravation of poor performance.They live for evil and evil excites them.Perhaps evil to them is like a euphoria of sorts.
Verse 17 The evil will eat bread and drink wine gained by wicked and violent acts. The spoils of their evil ventures of murder and robbery.
Verse 18 The path of the just or the righteous is like a shining light. It becomes even brighter throughout the day.Meaning his path becomes more and more visible each moment. Eventually, as when the sun is at its zenith he can see all.
Verse 19 This is the opposite of the foretold Verse. Instead of light, the wicked walk in darkness.They can not see what is in their path, so they stumble upon what they can not see.
Verses 20-23 Again Solomon urges his son to listen to his words and listen to them well.Let your eyes see what is right and what is evil.Keep these words in your heart. These wise words are life to those who have them.Health to the flesh for the wise man deplores the harmful lifestyle.Guard your heart securely because all issues will be judged by it.Guard it with wisdom and judge righteously from the largest to even the smallest issue.
Verses 25-27 Let wisdom guard against veering off onto the wicked path.Let it keep you straight on the right path, the path with the least stumbling blocks.Let wisdom establish your path and let it keep you away from evil.
Proverbs 5 Notes
This chapter could pertain to more than adultery. Any sexual immorality outside of the sanctity of marriage would apply. Sanctity of marriage being between one man and one woman. This sanctity that God has made and man attempts to change to satisfy their lust. It could apply to adultery, fornication, and homosexuality. Any sexual immorality that man can conceive.
The Peril of Adultery
Verse 1 Another warning for the young man to give attention. Hear well the warnings from Solomon.
Verse 2 Listen well and give Solomon’s words attention that you may reserve yourself. Reserve your words and your body. Also, your lips will remain to speak knowledge.
Verse 3 The words of an immoral woman are full of desire. Enticing men to stumble for the pleasure of sex. Her words compared to being so sweet they drip like sweet honey from her lips. She is a smooth talker, the words you wish to hear slide from her mouth like slick oil
Verse 4 Her words seem sweet but in the end are like tasting wormwood. Wormwood is a very bitter dewormer. Her taste is bitter Because sexual immorality places your soul in danger. This immorality is deadly as a two-edged sword. Very sharp and very deadly. Very deadly to your soul.
Verse 5 Her sexual immorality will lead you to death, spiritually and possibly physically. Spiritually destroying your soul. Physically, possibly giving you a disease or unwelcome danger from an enraged spouse. NKJV uses hell to explain where the immoral women will lead. KJV uses Sheol, which means the resting place of the dead. Hell, best expresses the outcome of your soul in continued sexual immorality.
Verse 6 Lest means for fear that. So Solomon clearly speaks of the above passage. For fear of the immoral women sending you to hell. Think well about her path of life. Think well of her ways because they are unstable. Her ways are unGodly and evil. Her mind is unstable as it continuously changes. She has no morals so the righteous does not know her ways.
Verse 7 Again as in the past chapter, Solomon speaks as though he speaks to his biological children, the children of Israel, or perhaps everyone that comes after. Perhaps, Solomon speaks to all three. Warning again to listen to the words he is teaching.
Verse 8 Still speaking of the immoral women, Solomon warns to go away from her. Stay far away from the immoral women. Do not even go close to the door of her house.
Verse 9 Fear this for you will lose your honor (respect, wisdom, reputation) and someone else will receive it. You give your honor away and others gain it. You do this for living in sexual immorality. Your years will then be given to the cruel one (Satan). You will live for Satan because your soul is lost. Your soul will belong to Satan.
Verse 10 The prices of infidelity is easily seen in today’s world. Child
support, disease, and loss of personal equity to name a few. Because of lust for another woman you owe all you have for that passion. A large part of all you have will be lost and given to your spouse, children, or doctors. The price paid for lust and rightfully so.
Proverbs 6 Notes
Verse 1 Surety, The vow or promise men may make to
one another. For money or possession and give their promise to return
what was borrowed.
Verse 2 Your are snared or caught in this promise because of your thoughtless words. You are taken by your own words because you should keep your mouth shut.
Verse 3 As soon as possible deliver yourself from this promise. For your friend’s hand now has power over you. Go to your friend and humble yourself. Beg to him to release you from this promise.
Verse 4 Do not sleep or rest till you are released from the promise.
Verse 5 This compares this kind of promise to death. Deliver yourself or you will be shot by the hunter. Also, the hunter kills the bird, so this is the morbid outcome to expect. Despite any warning of surety-ship, this form of devastating promise has become a thriving business in modern times. Surety destroys families, friends, and neighbors. People thrive on the nature of humans. Men strive for more money and possessions, which means more loans and more credit. The Folly of Indolence
Verse 6 Go to the ant and consider how marvelous of a creature they really are. They are wise animals, therefore, learn their way of life.
Verses 7-8 These wise ants have no ruler, leader, or politician. Yet, these wise creatures have supplies in the summer. They are diligent and gather their food at the proper time (harvest).
Verse 9 Solomon time and again mentions the lazy man (sluggard,
Verses 10-11 More about the life of the sluggard. The sluggard does not wake from sleep long enough to attend to his own needs. His refusal to do any kind of work brings him to poverty. Solomon tells us lazy men will end up like a man punished with painful work. He wants possessions or food so badly he is willing to commit armed robbery to obtain it.
Verse 12 Solomon now lays out the life of the evil man.
The evil are worthless and walk with a perverse mouth. Perverse pertains to many things. What comes from this man’s mouth is evil. His words are distorted from the right. Nasty mouth, speaks evil thoughts, stubborn speech.
Verse 13 He winks while telling his lies. He shuffles constantly moving seeking to perform wickedness. He does not acknowledge his wickedness and points his fingers to blame others.
Verse 14 His heart is
full of evil thoughts, sickening thoughts, stubborn thoughts, and profane thoughts. Continually thinks of evil he can cause, he continually shuffles his feet. He sows discord which we will soon see God hates when spread among brethren. Discord or he leads others into quarreling, fighting, conflict, and disagreements.
Verse 15 Because of his wicked ways his hardships will come suddenly. Suddenly he will be broken, destroyed, or mortally wounded and there will be no way to help him.
Verse 16 I wonder how many people have actually read the seven things God hates. These things are an abomination to him. To God, these things are vile, disgusting, detestable, shameful, and abhorred. In other words, they are very bad.
Verse 17 Have you ever seen those with so much pride you think they may burst, God hates that. We have all seen the constant liar with every word, story, or excuse they have, God Hates this very much. Murderers who kill simply to kill and destroy innocent lives, God hates that very much.
Verse 18 There are men who constantly think of the evil they can perform. Wickedness is within their heart. It has overtaken any love, sympathy, or compassion, God hates this. Likewise, there is the man constantly ready to do the evils devised in the wicked heart, God hates this.
Verse 19 Whether from bribes or bias a man is encouraged to bring false accusations against another, God hates this. The one who brings quarreling, fighting, conflict, and disagreements. Among brethren or brethren of God’s temple. Now, this would pertain to the brethren of God’s church. God hates this very much. Beware of Adultery
Verses 20-21 Solomon here, of course, speaks of the righteous parents. Warning the child to obey their righteous laws. Bind them continually upon your heart and keep them in your memory forever.
Verse 22 Where ever you are or what the time is. If you memorize these righteous laws in your heart when you walk they will guide you if you sleep they will watch over you when you awake wisdom will talk to you. She will make you wiser.
Proverbs 7 Notes
Verse 1 My son, keep my words, and treasure or love my commands.
Verse 2 Keep my commands and they will save your life. Keep my law as the vision to see the right way. Just as the eye is for seeing the right path.
Verse 3 Bind these commands to your finger as rope or ring as a reminder. Memorize them and let the commands be truly in your heart. (Deuteronomy 6:8 )
Verse 4 Love and depend on wisdom like your own sibling. Love understanding like your kin as flesh and blood.
Verse 5 Keep my commands so they will keep you away from the immoral women. They will keep you a woman who seduces men into sex and is smooth with her words to seduce. (Proverbs 5 ,Proverbs 2:16 ,Proverbs 22:14 ,Proverbs 5:15 ,Proverbs 11:22 )
The Crafty Harlot
Verse 6 Lattice-http://www.dictionary.com/browse/lattice
Verse 7 Simple-http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/simple/
Verses 8-21 This explanation of the immoral women has an eerie remembrance of Satan in (1 Peter 5:8 ) She goes to all places looking who she can seduce. She meets in secret and under the cover of night to commit her immorality. She is crafty and rebellious. She captures the simple into her web of sin.
Verse 22 The man went after her like an ox. An ox that goes to the slaughter-house not knowing it will be slaughtered. The meaning of the second part of this Verse is widely debated. Seems to mean this fool is like the ox when it strays away from its master. It does not know it’s master will correct him painfully. Perhaps by the nail-studded stick that drives the stock. In other words, he will receive harsh correction from God for his immorality.
Verse 23 Barnes sees this Verse as corrupt and perplexing. But both, the one shot through the liver and a bird snared will surely die. So, this is the outcome of the fool who deals with the immoral women. He never knew it would cost him his life.
Verses 24-27 Now listen warns Solomon and pay attention. Do not
stray in the path to wanting whores. She has wounded many men and slain
many strong men. Her path is the way to hell. Chambers of death or the prison of hell.
Proverbs 8 Notes
The Excellence of Wisdom
Verses 1-3 Again Solomon refers to wisdom as a women crying for people to listen to her. Also here, understanding is also referred to as the crying women. Take a stand on the high hill hoping many will listen to her cry. Beside the way where the path meets, cries at the gates, a the entrance of the city. She seeks those who will listen in the most heavily traveled places.
Verse 4 Oh men or she calls to all people who will listen. Her voice speaks to all.
Verse 5 She (wisdom) begs the simple minded to understand prudence or good sense.
Verse 6 Truly; one who listens to God’s wisdom knows excellent things. It is sure that wisdom will control your mouth and what comes from it.
Verse 7 Truly; the righteous will speak the truth, the wise would despise lies. To the righteous and wise wickedness is indeed an abomination.
Verse 8 A wise man tries his best to speak what is righteous. Nothing crooked (dishonest) or perVerse (From the Webster’s dictionary: Wrongheaded b: wrongheaded b: arising from or indicative of stubbornness or obstinacy). The wise will turn himself as far as possible from such things. (Proverbs 16:18 , Proverbs 11:2 , Isaiah 2:11 , Psalms 10:3-4 , Psalms 59:12 , Proverbs 6:16-19 ).
Verse 9 The words or righteousness spoken by the wise are plain to him that has understanding. These words spoken are right and true to those who have knowledge. The knowledge here is the knowledge of God.
Verse 10 A hard concept for a man to contemplate. Seeking instruction instead of monetary gain. The second is even harder to contemplate for a man without the knowledge of God. The knowledge of God should be chosen over great riches. For, silver may represent wealth but we all know Gold represents great wealth. But Solomon did not write this wrong. Indeed, God gives knowledge and wisdom no amount of wealth can buy.
Verse 11 Here wisdom is esteemed above all written in the last Verse. Silver is precious, Gold is more precious than silver, but rubies the most precious of all. So, gain wisdom even instead of immense wealth. Nothing on earth is compared to wisdom.
Verse 12 The wise dwell or live with prudence (discipline, good judgment, caution). The wise find in their search for wisdom knowledge and discretion.
Verse 13 The fear of the lord noted in Proverbs 1:7 is the beginning of wisdom. So, we can safely say Solomon here speaks of wisdom. So, the wise not only fear the lord but hate evil. They also hate pride, arrogance, and the evil way (all evil that can be done by men). The wise also hates the perVerse mouth.
Verse 14 Righteous council and wisdom belongs to the man with understanding. Understanding coupled with wise counsel gives you strength to give righteous judgment.
Verses 15-16 With wisdom kings and rulers give righteous judgment. With wisdom princes rule justly, nobles rule justly, and judges rule justly. I’m sure this does not speak for those who are corrupt and evil. Since we are told, the wise will hate evil and the evil way. Which corruption would easily fall into such a category.
Verse 17 Wisdom or better to say God loves those who love him. Those that seek God diligently will find him. With diligently here meaning faithfully, honestly, and with revered dedication. Seeking him by the full commitment to his commands.
Verses 18-19 Riches and honor are with those who diligently seek God and his wisdom. Also, riches that do not perish and also righteousness. Riches here meaning the riches of obtaining wisdom, knowledge, and righteous instruction. Not earthly riches seeing Solomon puts these things high above all earthly wealth in the above and latter passages. (Verses 10-11 and 19)
Verses 20-21 Wisdom traVerses or guides the way of a righteous person. Keeping them in a just life. Keeping them honest and just in their path.
Verse 22 See that God possessed wisdom at the beginning of His way. Not created but possessed by God. Beginning of his way – God alongside with wisdom both where in the beginning. Speaking of God and wisdom as separate entities. Both were from the beginning. This would seem to speak of Christ as wisdom. Christ is the only other possible advisor in the creation.
Verse 23 This says established but from everlasting. Everlasting seeming to show always existed. Wisdom was here from the beginning before God even started the creation of the earth. Again a good indication this speaks of Christ with God at the beginning.
Verse 24 In Verses 24 – 29 gives some insight into God during the creation of the earth. Here in 24, we see God made the depths or the bodies of waters upon earth. He created the waters to flow abounding on earth.
Verse 25 God settled the mountains and hills or placed them where he wished. Wisdom was there.
Verse 26 God sculpted the fields or the primal(very first) dust of this world.
Verse 27 Wisdom was there when God created the heavens(skies, planets, stars, etc.). God drew the horizon over the waters.
Verse 28 Wisdom was there when God created the clouds. When he strengthened or gave flow to the waters of the earth.
Verse 29 Adding to the strengthening of the water mentioned in Verse 28. God assigned the sea its limit or shorelines. The seas limit or amount of waters it possessed. Doing this so that the waters would not disobey his commands. Commands have a large meaning here. The commands he gives so the waters do as he pleases. This could be mention of floods, hurricanes, typhoons, tsunamis, or droughts. These are at his command; this seems to be the meaning of the Verse. God marked or set the foundation of the earth. A wondrous and extremely incredible foundation. For the earth’s foundation is the wide open space and gravity. The earth seemingly floats in mid-air with no foundation.
Verse 30 Wisdom here is God’s helper in crafting the earth. Wisdom was his delight or wisdom greatly pleased God. Wisdom rejoicing before God. This has great similarity to a child and his father. This again speaks of Christ as wisdom.
Verse 31 Wisdom found Joy in the world God had formed. Greatly inhabited by the animals and man. All men were wisdom’s delight. One could safely say; Christ delighted in the sons of men.
Verse 32 Again, wisdom cries out to be listened to. My children is most likely speaking of the sons of men mentioned above. This speaks to all men and those that keep the ways of wisdom are blessed.
Verse 33 Instruction of wisdom is the instruction of God’s word. Hear this instruction and be wise. Do not be foolish and refuse to hear it, because you are full of your own conceit or “do not disdain.” (Proverbs 3:7 , Proverbs 26:12 , Isaiah 5:21 )
Verse 34 Blessed are all who listen to God’s word and gains wisdom. Burning with zeal to hear God’s wisdom and instruction to gain more wisdom. Arriving early to listen to wisdom, even waiting at the gates. Waiting for opening hours of the place of worship to hear God’s wisdom. Which waiting at the door would seem to signify.
Verse 35 Who finds life? It is truly those who find Christ and his wisdom. Only Christ offers eternal life. Those that do find him, find favor from God.
Verse 36 Those that live in sin destroys their own soul. Those that hate Christ love death. Virtually meaning, they are dead.
Proverbs 9 Notes
Verse 1 “Built her house” seems to refer to God and Christ has made the world.“Seven pillars” referring to the excellency of the magnificent creation. Perhaps reference to the sabbath day. When God’s creation was finished, or the cutting or sculpting of the world was finished. Hewn meaning to cut. Wisdom or God had finished hewning or cutting the pillars of the earth. The Sabbath being the last pillar.
Verse 2 The invitation to accept the greatness of wisdom. Here it is compared to a great invitation to a feast. Great things are prepared for the one who accepts and seeks wisdom. (Matthew 22:4 )
Verse 3 Wisdom has sent maidens to invite all to the great celebration. Wisdom proclaims aloud to accept the invitation of wisdom. In the highest places so all can hear. (Proverbs 8:2 )
Verse 4 The cry from wisdom to the simple. Come to me if you wish to have understanding. The cry from God to the sinful to repent of their foolish ways. (Matthew 18:14 )
Verse 5 Here we see the bread, drink, and wine represent God’s word. Wisdom or God cries for the lost to hear his word and obey him. (John 6:35 )
Verse 7 The scorner or the one who is full of pride, and is wise in their own eyes(mocks spiritual things). Will not listen to the truth when the wise speak to them. They will become hateful and full of anger (Proverbs 14:7 ). These wicked men, because of their foolish ego they will go to no end to shame you and seem more intelligent.
Verse 8 Again, if reproved, a scorner will hate you. But, rebuking the wise will on strengthen their wisdom. They actually listen when they are disciplined.
Verse 9 has the same principle. Instruct the wise they will be wiser. Teach the just( based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair) will increase their knowledge of being a wiser judge.
Verse 10 We have seen the beginning of this Verse before in Chapter 1:7. But, the ending is different. We see now Knowledge of God is understanding.
Verse 11 For by me (Solomon) you will travel the safe path in life. The righteous and holy path. Which in turn guards your life against wickedness that may destroy you. Prolonging your life. (ch 3:6, ch 4:11)
Verse 12 The gaining of wisdom is most profitable to yourself. It may help others seek the right path. But, the one who profits the most is the obtainer. The one who refuses the truth and wisdom. Will perish and be judged by his choices.
Verse 13 The loud, gossiping, and annoying women are simple minded(having or showing very little intelligence or judgment). She knows nothing in the way of wisdom. (Ch 7:11)
Verses 14-18 Again, Solomon speaks of the immoral women. Waiting for her opportunity to snag the simple into fornication or adultery. Not knowing he goes to her house to destroy his soul.(Ch 5:3-13, Ch 23:27-34)
Proverbs 10 Notes
Verse 1 The son who seeks wisdom and finds where it begins(God) pleases his father. But, the foolish son is constantly in trouble walking the path of evil. Living for fun, women, men, drugs, or fast money. Surely this would be a heavy burden on the heart of any righteous mother. Though Solomon does not mention the grief of the father, it would be just as grievous.
Verse 2 The plunder the wicked receive from performing their wickedness is of little profit. Here Solomon most likely refers to the acts of the wicked he speaks of in other passages of Proverbs. Solomon refers to wicked gain from robbery, murder, deceit, or dishonesty. (Proverbs 4:14-19 , Proverbs 3:31–35 , Proverbs 11:1 , Proverbs 20:23 , Proverbs 1:10-16 ). Righteousness will deliver one from death keeping you on the correct path set forth by God. The path to avoiding the hurdles of fools and their wickedness (Proverbs 3:6 , Proverbs 4:25-27 ).
Verse 3 The souls of the righteous will not famish. Not the body which the NIV refers to. Hence, the dangers of many bible interpretations. Comparing to the last part of the proverb. Solomon speaks of the substance of the soul of the righteous. God will not throw away the righteous substance that lies in one’s soul (the substance in heaven). But will cast away the earthly possessions of the wicked which have no heavenly possessions.
Verse 4 Solomon here speaks of the lazy man. Which becomes poor for the lack of work with his hands. The diligent hand is not lazy and quick to obtain what the lazy refuses to grasp. But does Solomon speak here of earthly gain? When the aforementioned proverb spoke of God’s defense of the soul. Solomon here is still speaking of the righteous and the wicked. The wicked being the lazy man who disregards God’s words. So the man who is slack in his duty to God receives a poor soul.
Verse 5 Proverbs and their riddles(Proverbs 1:6 ). Solomon still speaks of the righteous and wicked. He that gathers in the summer for harvest or him that gathers wisdom at the proper time. As a righteous son makes a happy father. But he who is lazy and wicked is the heaviness of his mother.(Verse 1)
Verse 6 Solomon still points out God’s blessings for the righteous or just(based on or behaving according to what is morally right and fair). God blesses the head of the righteous: head representing being crowned as a king or one in high authority. We could say the covering of the violent man’s mouth may represent imprisonment or death. But to me in the context of the chapter meaning words of the wicked are useless and forgotten. “Like the crackling of thorns under the pot” (Ecclesiastes 7:6 ). Quickly spoken and quickly gone.
Verse 7 More blessings for the just. The just even when remembered are so as being just and Godly. Such remembrance is a great joy. But the very name of the wicked brings thoughts of disgusting and an abominable memory.
Verse 8 The wise will receive commandments or wise counsel(Proverbs 15:22 ). Prating (To talk idly and at length; chatter) those with speech that has no meaning but are wise in their own eyes. Refusing wise council they will fall a victim to sin and wickedness. Their mindless chatter has no foundation to withstand sin.
Verse 9 “Walketh uprightly” walking straight on the path of wisdom. The upright continues on the safe path directed by God and his commands(Proverbs 4:25-27 ). The man that turns away from the truth and performs evil(follows the twisted and dangerous path) will be known to man and God by his evil works.
Verse 10 In the old testament evil is often represented by winking of the eye. Which surely represents deceit, evil thoughts, or evil plans (Proverbs 6:12-13 , Psalm 35:19 ). He is also a prating or chattering fool and will fall.
Verse 11 The wise words spoken from a righteous man preserves life(Psalm 36:6 ). But, the violence committed by the evil man will cause him to hide speaking of them.
Verse 12 Hate will always cause disagreement, violence, and show foolishness. Love will cover such things with patience and understanding. (Proverbs 15:18 , Proverbs 29:22 , Ecclesiastes 7:9 , Galatians 5:22 ).
Verse 13 The man with understanding will be caring, sympathetic, and loving to others. But, he who refuses to gain these things is evil and surely will pay with great punishment(Job 28:28 )
Verse 14 The wise continually seek knowledge as a hunger. The endless babbling of a fool is worthless and spreads evil destroying souls(Proverbs 18:15 ).
Verse 15 This proverb to me illustrates a sad truth of the world. The wealth of the rich will be a strong shelter. For they can afford the extravagances of the world. Those in poverty or those oppressed have no comforter. This would seem to fit the chapters many proverbs pertaining to understanding. You can almost hear Solomon saying “this is vanity.” (Ecclesiastes 4:1-3 )
Verse 16 The labors of the righteous man keeps him again on the straight path. Guided safely by God and protecting his steps. (Proverbs 2:9 ,Proverbs 4:25 , Proverbs 16:17 , Proverbs 4:26 , Psalm 119:35 , Isaiah 26:7 ). The labor of the wicked just leads to more sin and self-destruction (Proverbs 12:12 ).
Verse 17 The righteous keep instruction and this attends to life (Proverbs 1:2 , Proverbs 1:3 , Proverbs 1:7 , Proverbs 1:8 , Proverbs 4:1 , Proverbs 4:13 ). But, he that refuses to hear instruction errs and this attends to death.
Verse 18 Hiding hate with lies or the backstabber as the modern term may be. One who pretends they are your friend or trustworthy. Yet, he secretly hates you. The slanderer or the gossip spreads lies to destroy other’s good reputation or intentions. Both of these people are clearly spoken as beings fools (Numbers 14:36 , Psalm 31:13 ).
Verse 19 The first part of this proverb, of course, pertains to a fool and his many words. But, Solomon adds “there wanteth not sin.” Which obviously Solomon speaks of those who believe they are righteous. But, they babble on like fools and are actually fools. Made so by their many words. The man that holds his tongue is always seen as wise (Ecclesiastes 5:3 , Ecclesiastes 5:7 , Proverbs 17:28 , Ecclesiastes 9:17 ).
Verse 20 Words of the just are worth as much as the purest silver. For their wise words bring life unto them that will heed instruction. All that comes from the wicked heart is more wickedness. therefore, only leading you closer to hell. (Proverbs 8:10 , Proverbs 8:19 , Proverbs 3:15 , Proverbs 8:11 , Proverbs 20:15 ).
Verse 21 By way of righteousness the right feed many. They feed compassion, understanding, knowledge, and wisdom. They spread the word of God to the lost and feed souls with God’s commands. The fools spoken of here are the ones that search vainly for earthly wisdom. Always grasping to man’s sense of wisdom which saves no souls. These fools then die because of their vain searching.
Verse 22 Solomon here does not specify what riches the blessing of the lord brings. Seeming to say any riches God wishes to bestow. Wealth, power, wisdom, understanding, knowledge or all riches. Which could be many depending on what the heart really desires. The riches God gives does not bring sorrow for you, have received it righteously. Only when you use your riches for evil will they then become sorrowful. (1 Samuel 2:7 , Proverbs 28:20 ).
Verse 23 It is fun and entertaining to a fool to commit evil. Surely a sign of being heartless with no wisdom or understanding. But to the man who understands and knows the travail of man, has compassion and love for the other. (Proverbs 1:11 , Proverbs 12:6 , Jeremiah 5:26 ,Proverbs 1:16 ).
Verse 24 The fears the wicked bestow in the innocent will not go unpunished. The fears of the wicked will find them. The evil cannot escape their fear, whether it be justice or judgment. Alternately, the righteous shall be granted what they desire. The righteous live safe and secure in God’s trust. (Proverbs 3:25 , Proverbs 10:27 ).
Verse 25 The pictures of two houses in a great storm. One foundation is a poorly built foundation. The other foundation is strong and sturdy. So is the wicked and righteous. The poor foundation housing the wicked is blown away. Their foundation was built on the weak founding of immorality. While the righteous are safe in their well-built house. Built with wisdom having the morality to withstand temptation. (Matthew 7:24-27 , 1 Corinthians 3:11-14 ).
Verse 26 Like the annoying bitterness of vinegar to the teeth or pain of smoke in your eyes. The same is what you will get when you send a lazy man to do a job. Grief and pain will be the reward for sending the lazy man. (Proverbs 6:9 , Proverbs 20:4 )
Verse 27 The fear of the lord brings wisdom. Wisdom prolongs your days. Wisdom guides you on the straight and safe path. The example of the wicked being destroyed due to their wickedness is innumerable (drug overdose, shot during robberies, killing themselves when killing others, capital punishment, etc.) (Proverbs 4:10-27 , Proverbs 9:10 , Ecclesiastes 7:12 )(Ezekiel 18:20 , Psalm 34:21 , Psalm 37 ).
Verse 28 The righteous’ hope is the hope of eternal life. Those that remain righteous will receive it and be glad. But, the wicked man will be disappointed by the outcome of his deeds. (Psalm 55:23 , Proverbs 11:23 , Psalm 34:16 , Galatians 5:5 , Psalm 31:24 , 1 Peter 1:21 )
Verse 29 Way of the lord or way of his teachings. Following the way of his commandments is a strength to the upright or righteous. But, God will destroy the workers of immorality. (Job 34:22 , Job 31:3 , Psalm 5:5 , Psalm 36:12 )
Verse 31 The just or morally upright will speak wise words. The later is an ancient punishment for slaves with a froward or perVerse tongue. The contrast is evident that the just will speak wisdom. The froward will speak worthlessness not suitable for any ears. (Proverbs 8:7-8 , Proverbs 2:12-15 ).
Verse 32 The righteous know what words are acceptable and the acceptable time to use them. But, the wicked will always speak froward (disobedient, contrary, rebellious, perVerse) words. (Proverbs 10:21 , Proverbs 16:13 , Proverbs 6:14 )
Proverbs 11 Notes
Verse 1 A warning of the dishonesty of false weights. Cheating others of the substance being weighed is an abomination to God. Just, right, and honest weights are his delight. It would seem this proverb speaks of dishonesty period. The difference in a cheating fool or a just man who is honorable. (Ezekiel 22:13 , Ezekiel 22:27 , Job 31:6 , Proverbs 16:11 , Proverbs 20:23 )
Verse 2 Truly, pride in a man is shameful. Surely, “pride goeth before destruction”. Pride will eventually lead to destruction. Humbleness and lowliness bring wisdom. The lowly heed the instructions of the wise. The prideful turn away from any truth but their own. (Job 35:12 , Job 33:17 , Job 41:34 , Psalm 10:2 , Psalm 10:4 , Proverbs 8:13 , Proverbs 13:10 , Proverbs 14:3 , Proverbs 16:18 , Mark 7:21-23 , 1 Timothy 3:6 , 1 John 2:16 ).
Verse 3 Integrity(honesty, uprightness) will guide them or it will urge them to do what is fair. The second part of the proverb describes the exact opposite. The unrighteous man will be destroyed due to his evil works.(Psalm 37:38 , Psalm 119:158 , Proverbs 2:22 , Proverbs 11:6 ,Proverbs 13:2 , Isaiah 1:28 , Hosea 14:9 ,
Verse 4 No amount of wealth will save your soul from judgment. No man on the day of judgment will be able to pay for his entrance to heaven. The righteous will lay their treasure in heaven. The righteous obey God’s commands. It will deliver them from death. It will deliver their soul from damnation. (Proverbs 10:2 , Job 17:9 , Job 22:3 , Psalm 1:5 , Proverbs 10:3 , John 7:24 )
Verse 5 This proverb is much like Verse 3. This brings home the sure death the wicked will receive if wickedness is continued. The death of the soul and hope for eternal life. None of us are perfect but the righteous strive for perfection. That wisdom gained from God will direct his way. The righteous will stay on the straight and safe path. Spoken of many times in proverbs. Also, spoken many times is of the wicked being destroyed due to their own wickedness. (2 Samuel 22:33 , Psalm 19:7 , Psalm 28:4 , Matthew 5:48 , Luke 6:40 , Isaiah 3:11 )
Verse 6 The path of the upright (honorable) is guided by righteousness. So, their path is delivered from evil. Transgressors (Lawbreakers, unruly) will be destroyed by their own naughtiness (evil, wickedness). (Psalm 37:38 , Psalm 59:5 , Psalm 119:158 , Proverbs 2:22 , Proverbs 11:3 , Proverbs 13:2 , Isaiah 1:28 )
Verse 7 When the wicked die his earthly possessions, his expectations, and hopes are all gone. The wicked store no spiritual things in heaven. Since death is inevitable, everything is lost. Wealth, power, and possessions cannot be taken with you. When you come to realize how fast life flies, free will is quit a frivolous undertaking. (Proverbs 10:28 , Proverbs 11:23 )
Verse 9 The hypocrite has vain babbling and wicked thoughts. Soon to devise wickedness against his neighbor. The hypocrite has presented himself as a valuable neighbor. Inside he has evil intentions. But, the neighbor with knowledge will see his wickedness and deliver himself from it. (Job 34:30 )
Verse 10 This speaks of righteous rulers. When the righteous rule morality is higher. Crime depletes and the overall well being of the country is seen. When a land is ruled by the wicked. The conditions are so harsh and miserable the death of the wicked ruler is praised. We see this much in modern times. Destruction of such evil as (Hitler, Saddam Hussein, Hirohito, Pol Pot etc..) When destroyed there is shouting and praise in the streets. Just as Solomon wrote of thousands of years before.
Verse 11 Keeping with the same subject as Verse 10. Blessings of the of the upright or righteous, due to their peaceful administration are exalted. The wicked mouth is full of lies, hate, filth, and arrogance. Sure to enrage other rulers and bring them aching for war. (Psalm 7:10 ,Proverbs 2:21 , Proverbs 10:29 )
Verse 12 One of Solomon’s warnings of Anger. One void of wisdom will soon be angry with his neighbor. Causing him to despise his neighbor. But, understanding guides one to hold his peace. Having compassion on any faults that may have been committed.
Verse 13 A talebearer is the one who races to tell a secret. He can not be trusted with secrets. But, the faithful in spirit (trustworthy) can be trusted to keep the secret concealed. We all know these two types of people. (Proverbs 18:8 , Proverbs 20:19 , Proverbs 26:20 )
Verse 14 Here Solomon seems to follow-up Verse 13 with Verse 14. Those without counsel will fall for they have no leadership. A multitude of counselors seems to refer to the trustworthy in Verse 13. Thus meaning there is safety in the multitude of advisers. That is, as long as they are trustworthy. (Proverbs 12:15 , Proverbs 15:22 , Proverbs 20:18 , Proverbs 24:6 )
Verse 15 A sureter is one who agrees to receive another’s debt. They will learn the hard way it was a bad idea. In the second part of the proverb, Solomon says those that hate surety are sure. The man who has sense and knows what is right will hate surety. How sad unimaginable amounts of money are made this way. (Proverbs 6:1-3 , Proverbs 17:18 )
Verse 16 NKJV changes strong men to ruthless men. This seems to compare the priorities of the gracious and the ruthless. Graciousness by its righteousness, humility, kindness, and courteousness will bring honor. The gracious seek these things. But, the ruthless seek wealth at all costs and this is all they seek. (Proverbs 21:21 , Proverbs 16:5 , Isaiah 13:11 )
Verse 17 Being merciful is good for your soul. Being merciful means you lack hate, anger and have kindness, love, and forgiveness. These being pleasing to God. But, the cruel are full of hate, anger, and are heartless. They displease God and destroy themselves in doing so. (Proverbs 12:10 )
Verse 18 The wicked are deceived in their labor. Deceived to believe what earthly gain they are working for is meaningful. Tricking or hurting others to obtain it. This could easily be the ruthless spoken of in Verse 16. But, to the man that spreads righteousness, there is a sure reward. Mainly, giving reverence to God. Then obtaining the profit thereof. (Psalm 52:2 )
Verse 19 How does righteousness tend to life? We see at the beginning of Proverbs(3:6) it directs your path. In Proverbs (3:3) we see it gives you a length of days, a long life, and peace. Also, the chance for eternal life. But, in the opposite approach is the one who pursues evil. Since this life is all he has and he is sure to die. Without repentance and with the continued pursuance of evil he follows it till his death. His death is not only physical but also spiritual. (Proverbs 13:21 , Proverbs 8:13 , Proverbs 16:17 )
Verse 20 The froward-(rebellious, unruly, disobedient, adVerse) are an abomination to God. These people always refuse instruction, discipline, and wise advice. In other words, they are total fools. But, the upright-(honest, morally abiding) is God’s delight. They adhere to his principles and gospel. (Deuteronomy 32:20 , 2 Samuel 22:27 , Psalm 101:4 , Proverbs 4:24 , Proverbs 8:13 )
Verse 21 Even when the evil join together to support or commit evil, it will not go unpunished. They cannot escape God and his wrath. Judgment is imminent and the final punishment for all evil. The seed of the righteous or the offspring of the righteous will be delivered from their evil. Evil, no matter how strong here on earth has no power over God. ( Proverbs 16:5 , Proverbs 17:5 , Proverbs 19:5 , Proverbs 19:9 )
Verse 22 How sad is a beautiful woman who is not discrete. Exposing as much of her body as possible to the public. Disrespecting themselves and all who see her. Spreading temptation and perVerse thoughts. Here Solomon compares her to swine. Her perversion is as swine and her beauty as jewels. The beauty is wasted because of her lack of self-respect.
Verse 23 The righteous should long for a pure heart, mind, and body. Thus, any want conceived by such would only be good. The wicked unlike the righteous with evil desires destroy themselves. (Proverbs 10:24 , Proverbs 12:12 )
Verse 24 The liberal soul willing to give to the needy is the one who scatters. Since he is full of giving, love, compassion, and understanding his substance increases. Then there is the stingy man or the one who hoards. Since he refuses to give and refuses love and understanding his substance is destroyed. This points out the blessings of God for those who please him. The giving, loving, compassionate, and understanding man will prosper. The stingy who has no love or compassion and displeases God. God takes away the prosperity of such a fool.
Verse 25 The same idea here of the liberal soul. His soul shall be made fat. Notice soul here and it’s reference to being fattened. Solomon does not refer to the body of a man but his soul. His soul will gain wisdom and righteousness in his deed. He will be filled greatly with righteousness. This is the wealth God provides to man. (Isaiah 32:5 , Isaiah 32:7-9 )
Verse 26 Keeping with the theme of the liberal soul. Solomon speaks of the man who profits from others calamities. Today we may call this price gouging. Hoarding up necessities such as food until it can be sold for high profit. Mainly when those caught in distress need them the most. Surely, this man is an abomination to God. But, the man who deals honestly with his necessities and sales it fairly is blessed. (Proverbs 11:24 , Proverbs 3:33 , Proverbs 28:27 )
Verse 27 The man that seeks good diligently, is truly righteous. Believing in his heart good will excel in evil and he demands good to be done. He will receive favor for his virtue from man and God. The man who is full of mischief and wants to be mischievous will find it. Better to say he will be the one victimized. (Psalm 5:12 , Psalm 112:5 , Proverbs 12:2 , Proverbs 13:15 , Luke 2:52 )
Verse 28 The man who trusts in worldly possessions to save him will fall. Most notably, it will not save him from death and judgment. But, the man who trusts in God is triumphant over death. He is like a branch of a mighty tree full of strength. God gives him the strength to overcome life’s obstacles. Giving him the unmatched strength of salvation. ( Psalm 1:3 )
Verse 29 This is the vision of a man who is cruel and abusive to his family. Depriving them of a responsible father. The drunk, pedophile, spouse abuser, infidel, or one who disowns his family. He will gain nothing for his cruelty. The fruits of his evil will be like holding the wind. There will be none. This kind of fool will be a servant to the wise. ( 1 Timothy 5:8 , Colossians 3:19-21 , Hebrews 13:4 )
Verse 30 This is the fruit of the righteous or the divine influence given by God. That is his compassion upon his fellow man. Wishing that none should perish a fool, but see the truth before death. In other words, he wants no one to go to hell. He wishes to save their soul. (Proverbs 14:25 , Matthew 11:29 , 1 Thessalonians 2:8 , 1 Peter 2:25 )
Verse 31 Solomon points out the righteous will pay for their deeds done while on earth. Indeed this will be during judgment day. Yet, think of how much more the wicked will pay for their evil deeds. This represents the just reward or just punishment God will give for the good and the evil. (Proverbs 14:22 , Proverbs 15:3 )
Proverbs 12 Notes
1 Whoso loveth instruction loveth knowledge: but he that hateth reproof is brutish.
The word instruction is used twenty six times in the books of wisdom. Twenty four of them in the book of Proverbs alone. We can safely say listening to instruction is a mandatory step in gaining wisdom. In Proverbs 15:33 we see what instruction Solomon speaks of. Receiving instruction is the fear of the lord. Which also is the beginning of wisdom Proverbs 9:10 . God gives instruction and those that listen to his reproof will gain wisdom. If you love instruction from God (obeying the gospel) then you love the knowledge that God’s instructions bring. We know well the man who is the opposite of the one who loves instruction. The brutish or stupid man takes any step to avoid God’s word. Much the way God is taken from all aspects of present day society. If God is removed, the stupid are not reminded of their stupidity. They are not reminded of their eventual destiny.
2 A good man obtaineth favour of the Lord: but a man of wicked devices will he condemn.
Solomon’s reference here of the good man certainly speaks of the righteous. This we know by reading Verse 3. Some could take this Verse out of context and say a good man alone obtains favor from God. But Solomon refers to the righteous or the one who serves God. The one who serves God obtains favor from God because he worships and gives God his deserved reverence. Men who are the opposite are wicked and they despise the word of God. The mocker who instead of serving God they laugh at his instruction. They devise wickedness and invent new ways to award it. God hates those who have wicked imaginations and race to do mischief (Proverbs 6:16-19 ). In return, they receive no favor on earth nor in heaven. They are condemned to hell for their mockery.
3 A man shall not be established by wickedness: but the root of the righteous shall not be moved.
The wicked man is not established as a root of a tree. He will not have the strength that God gives to us by his word. Instead, the wicked will break easily and easily fall into temptation. They will not be known as Godly and will be easily swept into evil. But, the righteous will be like a root of a mighty oak. The foundations of the righteous are founded on God and his wisdom. Wisdom keeps you on the straight and safe path(Proverbs 6:22 , Proverbs 4:11 ). You will stay away from the dangers of temptation. Furthermore, you will have the strength and knowledge from God to resist temptation.
4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.
How is a virtuous wife a crown to her husband? We have several examples including Proverbs 31 and in the book of Ruth. Virtuous woman seeks fears and serves God. She is diligent in her work to do good. She takes care of her family. Her husband is held in honor because of her moral principles. She is a prize and a great treasure to find. But, the one that shames her family is like a constant disease. She brings her family constant heartache and pain. Solomon compares the non-virtuous women to a disease of the bones. Imagine your complete family living in torment like the pain from such disease as bone tumors, or Leukemia. This is the house of the foolish women.
Reference: Proverbs 31 , The book of Ruth.
5 The thoughts of the righteous are right: but the counsels of the wicked are deceit.
Solomon praises wise counsel here. The righteous will have thoughts based on morals. Their words will be with good judgment. Their judgment will not be bias. They will show no partiality. The righteous are eager to do what is good and right. therefore, they say what is right, judge what is right, and think what is right. The righteous know what is right. They fear God’s wrath for giving wicked counsel. But those with wicked imaginations can think of many ways to deceive. They hold no moral boundary and profit from corruption. They profit from giving false counsel because of their bias. It does not bother them to deceive the innocent for profit. This, of course, applies to any despicable false counsel given for corrupt profit.
6 The words of the wicked are to lie in wait for blood: but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them.
This is what the wicked enjoy. They enjoy doing evil and thinking of new ways to bestow it. Loving to do wickedness against the innocent. The words they speak are the plans of shedding innocent blood. These words are an abomination to God ( Proverbs 15:26 ). But the words from the mouth of the righteous speak the opposite. Speaking to deliver the innocent from the perVerse imaginations of the wicked. These righteous men are the few who teach the truth. Surely, “he that winneth souls is wise”(Proverbs 11:30 )
7 The wicked are overthrown, and are not: but the house of the righteous shall stand.
The captivities of the children of Israel are prime examples here. Because of continued wickedness and refusal to repent Israel was overthrown. We have some depiction of the wicked being overthrown. Examples are given in the book of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Micah. Because Sodom and Gomorrah where ramped with homosexuals it was destroyed (Genesis 19 ). The ultimate outcome of wickedness for anyone is total destruction, war, and captivity. So when all of this is done they are no more. Unlike the wicked receiving the wrath of God the house of the righteous is favored by God. God brings no destruction upon it, nor war or captivity. So the house of the righteous remains erect. Reference: Psalm 9:5 , Psalm 7:11 , Psalm 9:17 , Proverbs 2:22 , Proverbs 3:25 , Proverbs 3:33 , Proverbs 15:6 ,
8 A man shall be commended according to his wisdom: but he that is of a perVerse heart shall be despised.
Commended is a word used seldom in the bible. Meaning to formally or officially praise someone. Also, meaning to entrust with a task. So, the man who is wise before God and will be commended. He will be praised openly and entrusted with crucial work. This certainly pertains to the work of God. The wise man will be trusted to accomplish the task God has entrusted him. Additionally, the perVerse person will be openly despised. Because the perVerse are rebellious or prideful, vengeful, and easily provoked to anger. They will be known as so and never praised or trusted. Who would trust a man that behaves in this way to a crucial task? Most of all, who would be foolish enough to praise this man?
9 He that is despised, and hath a servant, is better than he that honoureth himself, and lacketh bread.
Oh, the splendor of the Proverbs of Solomon. Who in the earthly view is less despised than the poor? Yet, if he holds wisdom close and still has the means to survive gracefully. He is despised but still lives a comfortable life. The wisdom of God is certainly profitable to direct. The poor wise man will remain despised but will live. As it is said; “a living dog is better than a dead lion”(Ecclesiastes 9:4 ). Fools are full of lies, and their fronts are deceitful. This fool Solomon mentions is the poor man portraying himself as wealthy. Putting up a front of speech and impressive possessions. Yet, all the time lacking the essentials to live. So then, who is the better man? This is in truth a remarkable proverb.
10 A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel.
The righteous care for their animals. Their mercies consider the suffering of animals. Moreover, the righteous know these creatures are one of God’s great creations. They have been given the task to execute care for them. The righteous have been commended or entrusted (vs 1) to care for the animals. Thus, they show their beasts concern and attention. The wicked are cruel even when the intentions are supposedly tender. This proverb shows deeper the thoughts of the wicked. Their reckless regard for life is shown. Their wicked imaginations against the innocent. The cruel don’t have tender mercies because they know not what tenderness is. Reference: Psalm 8 , Psalm 36:5-7 , Psalm 50:9-11 , Psalm 104:10-12
11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain persons is void of understanding.
He that attends to his work will be satisfied with the outcome. Mainly if the labor is done for worshiping God. But this proverb also refers to the laborious work on earth. He will be satisfied with the fruits of his labor. The most rewarded would be the man who works for God. From righteousness, he acquires wisdom, understanding, and knowledge of God. Most importantly salvation. The fool will follow vain people. The vain are empty evil and meaningless, or useless. They are lazy and despise labor. Additionally, there is no profit for lack of work.
12 The wicked desireth the net of evil men: but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit.
The wicked desire the many inventions of the evil. They wish to learn the ways of wickedness used to snare the righteous. Robbing, killing, and corrupting the innocent. While crime rates soar, those who wish to learn such detestable wickedness rise also. The wicked is worthless and useless. This unquestionably is the vain persons Solomon speaks of in (V 11). The righteous detest the wicked and all of their immoral acts. The root of the righteous suggests God. They love and worship God and bear fruit for God. God is the firm foundation of the upright.
13 The wicked is snared by the transgression of his lips: but the just shall come out of trouble.
The wicked is snared by speaking poorly and not controlling their words. He offends many and pays dearly for his poorly spoken words. Perhaps so offensive he is beaten or killed for speaking rashly. The just will choose their words wisely or perhaps they do not speak at all. This will shelter them from such punishment the wicked receive for their babbling.
14 A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth: and the recompense of a man’s hands shall be rendered unto him.
The man whose mouth speaks good things will produce pleasing works. His encouragement given to others will assist them. Wise advice will guide men on the ideal paths. The fruit of his mouth is righteous words and the ability to give sound judgment. Likewise, his labor will be done for good just as his words are the same. They both stem from a clean mind and heart. His impulse is to do good in all his work. Whether it is by speech or physical work. Reference: Proverbs 13:2 , Proverbs 18:20 ,
15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes: but he that hearkeneth unto counsel is wise.
“When pride comes, then comes shame” (Proverbs 11:2 ). The prideful fool will listen to no sort of reasoning. This is a man full of disgrace and he is a great brute. Avoiding all sound wisdom and all advice. Thinking only his way is right even if it is absolute madness. Yet’ the wise man is the one who listens to advice (Proverbs 1:5 ). If you avoid the advice of the wise, you will always be foolish. Not only that but damned to hell. It is sure Solomon speaks of a righteous counsel.
16 A fool’s wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covereth shame.
“Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools”(Ecclesiastes 7:9). The fool’s anger can easily be seen. They can not hold it in and it bursts forth like a volcanic eruption. The most trivial matter arouses their anger and of course, everyone knows they are fools. The cautious who hold their tongue avoid such shame. They conceal such shame by keeping their mouth shut. It is called self-control, a declining discipline in our day and age. Reference: Proverbs 15:1 , Ecclesiastes 7:9 , Proverbs 15:18 , Proverbs 16:32 , Proverbs 19:11 , Proverbs 12:23 , Proverbs 22:3
17 He that speaketh truth sheweth forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit.
The righteous having moral character states the truth. This is one in many examples of the Christian that the lost should observe. This is a characteristic of a truly righteous person. Even if the truth is unpleasant the righteous say it as though a necessity. Genuinely it is, to save the lost. Then the liar spews false words. These men are deceivers, and it is wickedness that comes from their lips. Their words are not spoken to save others but to destroy and manipulate them.
18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health.
The false witness or a liar’s words are like the death blow of a sword. Their deceit sinks deep in your body. Their word leads you to hell. therefore the death of the sword is the same. One may say today; they tell you what you want to hear. But little do they care for your soul and damnation. The tongue of the wise is health to your soul. Even if what is said is painful. Their words have your eternity and your future paths in mind. Their words are for the common good and all around salvation of humanity.
19 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue is but for a moment.
The ultimate example of this is the Bible itself. The truth has endured many centuries and continues even today. God established the truth forever, and it is still so. What remembrance is there of a liar? Their lies are momentary like the laughter of the fool. It crackles like thorns in a fire and soon gone and forgotten (Ecclesiastes 7:6 ).
Reference: Proverbs 29:14
20 Deceit is in the heart of them that imagine evil: but to the counselors of peace is joy.
The evil here is the ones eager to perform and race to it. They imagine the deceit that will be performed, and it comes from the heart. Thus, they love performing evil. These people love deceiving their victims. Those that speak for peace are filled with joy. Their hearts love it and they speak for peace and avoid evil. This is righteous counsel.
21 There shall no evil happen to the just: but the wicked shall be filled with mischief.
Not to say the just will see no evil in their lifetime. The just will avoid evil and the trials thereof. Since their strength is with God and their hope of eternal salvation. The evil spoken of here is the condemnation of the wicked. Yet, the wicked in the latter of the proverb is earthly. The wicked is constantly filled with mischief and eager to perform evil. So to say; evil to the just is not a hindrance since their hopes are those of salvation. The mischief of the wicked has no hope beyond this short life.
22 Lying lips are abomination to the Lord: but they that deal truly are his delight.
One among many abominations to God is the liar. Most of us have met the one who can never be believed because every word is a lie. How do you know they are lying? Their mouth is moving! Their lies are used for deceit. The man who tells the truth is God’s delight. This man hates deceit and despises a liar.
23 A prudent man concealeth knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaimeth foolishness.
The vast majority of the times, the safest thing is keeping your mouth shut. The prudent or wise chooses when to speak and their words carefully. Though this is very difficult to do, it can be done. Self-control is the word we are looking for. A greatly forgotten word in our day and age. Coincidentally and sadly the latter part of this proverb sums up the majority. They blurt out whatever words come to mind and with this proclaiming they are fools.
24 The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.
Think of the man before a crowd in high authority. He extends his hand to silence the crowd. Giving his decree to the people. This power was gained by his diligence and hard work. Even though, once he may have had no power. But by diligence gained a great deal. The other man is lazy, and he has little or no diligence. Therefore, he will have to pay tribute to the man with higher authority. Reference: Proverbs 10:4 , Proverbs 12:27 , Proverbs 13:4 , Proverbs 22:29 ,
25 Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop: but a good word maketh it glad.
Heaviness (anxiety, depression, stress) are the things that make a man's heart heavy with pain. His expectations are lost so he stoops or bends down in hopelessness. But, when an encouraging words are spoken it uplifts him. Bringing him back to good spirits. This is a great proverb for any Christian. Encourage other followers of Christ who may be down and depressed. Reference: Proverbs 14:13 , Proverbs 15:23 , 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17
26 The righteous is more excellent than his neighbor: but the way of the wicked seduceth them.
Since most proverbs are renditions of the good vs the bad. one can safely say Solomon compares the righteous neighbor to the unrighteous. Therefore, the righteous would indeed be more excellent than the unrighteous. Again, the righteous neighbor would refrain from causing their neighbor to sin. But, the wicked man would seduce them into evil. Reference: Proverbs 3:33 , Proverbs 4:16-18 , Proverbs 6:11-13 , Proverbs 10:31-32
27 The slothful man roasteth not that which he took in hunting: but the substance of a diligent man is precious.
This proverb pokes some fun at the lazy man. He is so lazy he does not even cook the food he killed in hunting. Giving the impression he rarely moves. So desperate to stay still, he would rather eat raw meat than overdoing himself cooking. The diligent care well for their belongings and see it as precious. The diligent put effort and attention in whatever they do. Reference: Proverbs 12:24 , Proverbs 15:19 , Proverbs 18:9 , Proverbs 19:15 , Proverbs 19:24 , Proverbs 26:15 , Proverbs 12:24 , Proverbs 10:4 , Proverbs 13:4 , Proverbs 21:5 , Proverbs 22:29 ,
28 In the way of righteousness is life: and in the pathway thereof there is no death.
Physical death is of course not spoken of here. Righteousness is life through eternal life and heaven. That path, righteousness, does not lead to death. Reverence: Proverbs 15:9 , Proverbs 10:2 , Proverbs 11:4 , Romans 6:8-10 , 2 Corinthians 1:8-10 , 2 Timothy 1:9-11 , Revelation 21:4 , Revelation 2:10-11
Proverbs 13 Notes
1 A wise son heareth his father’s instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke.
It is surely the fool who refuses instruction. The young who rebel against their parents’ instructions are setting up their lives for complete foolishness. These people mock instruction and laugh at wisdom. They will not hear and refuse all sort of rebuke. Because they refuse wise guidance, they will fall into all kinds of evil. As we see in Proverbs 10:1 this son brings grief to his mother. Why? Because he is evil. A wise son will listen and keep the path of wisdom. He brings joy to his father and certainly joy to his mother also. Reference: Proverbs 10:1Proverbs 1:1-3Proverbs 1:7-8Proverbs 4:1Proverbs 4:13Proverbs 5:11- 13Proverbs 6:23Proverbs 8:32-34
2 A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.
The first man of this proverb is the one who speaks wisely. Because of his wise words, good fruit is produced. Such fruits as peace, love, compassion, and favor. He gains favor from those he speaks and therefore gathers fruit from his profit. The transgressor will seek only violence and speak only words of violence. So, his fruit will be violence. He will surely reap the consequences thereof. Reference: Proverbs 11:7Proverbs 10:6Proverbs 10:11Proverbs 21:7Proverbs 24:1-3Psalm 7:16Proverbs 12:14Proverbs 18:20
3 He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.
The man who keeps his mouth shut keeps his life. He keeps his life by refraining from misusing speech. Letting words slip that are foolish and make other men furious and eventually causing him harm. Worse of all shaming God by speaking perVerse or unGodly words. We see at the end of this proverb what happens to the man full of words. Speaking foolishly leads to destruction by man and God.
4 The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.
The lazy man may desire many things. He may desire to obtain wisdom, knowledge, wealth, love, etc. But, the lazy man lacks the diligence to obtain them. You could say he can not move around enough to obtain them. The diligent who use their strength and willingness to obtain their wants will find them.
5 A righteous man hateth lying: but a wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to shame.
The righteous hate lies in every form. Lying lips are an abomination to God Proverbs 12:22 . So they also should be to those who claim to follow him. The wicked man’s lies are like a flesh-eating disease. A disease such as gangrene, if you will. His words begin to stink like rotting flesh and are detestable. Everyone will be greatly ashamed of him.
6 Righteousness keepeth him that is upright in the way: but wickedness overthroweth the sinner.
Speaking of righteousness that keeps you on the straight and safe path in life Proverbs 3:6. This righteousness is acknowledging God’s word. It keeps him upright and wise in his walk during life. He avoids evil, therefore it maintains his life. Even now, the sinner who knows not to avoid evil is drawn into wickedness. It destroys him or as Solomon says; it overthrows him.
7 There is that maketh himself rich, yet hath nothing: there is that maketh himself poor, yet hath great riches.
8 The ransom of a man’s life are his riches: but the poor heareth not rebuke.
This is a vanity that Solomon had seen. One is the man who pretends to be rich to impress others. The second pretends to be poor to avoid others knowing of his riches. Maybe the second does this to avoid charity. Possibly it could also be to avoid blackmail or other personal attacks. It seems to be this man pretends to be poor because of safety, seeing that the next Verse mentions paying ransom for his life. Then, we see how meaningless it is for one to pretend to be rich. The poor man hears no rebuke. He is not threatened. He has nothing to be threatened for. The impression here is; why in the world would you pretend to be rich? This is a very clever proverb and a wonderful one. Solomon adds a bit of laughter to some Proverbs. These are very clever and unique.
9 The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
The righteous have light that is unbroken. That is, there light represents God. This light is eternal, wise, and controls all things. They then would certainly rejoice. Notice the contrast between light and lamp. One is light that never dies. While the lamps illumination is only temporary. Anything the wicked achieve is temporary and will soon lose its illumination. The wicked will die with no hope of eternal light. While the first man mentioned lives by God’s eternal glory and his hope of eternal salvation.
10 Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised is wisdom.
The prideful will refuse wise advise. They will argue and quarrel with it. Doing all they can to dismiss truth, even if it leads to strife. Even if what believed is wrong and foolish. But, the wise heeds advice. They accept it whether painful or not. The wise is meek and lowly. Keeping with the theme of The book of Proverbs, the word added “well” represents wise and righteous advice (Proverbs 10:11Proverbs 11:10Proverbs 14:15). Also, the same theme goes with Ecclesiastes ( Ecclesiastes 8:12 Ecclesiastes 8:13).
11 Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labour shall increase.
Wealth achieved by fraud, lies, or cheating will soon disappear. Either by means of the foolish vain person who obtained it or by legality. You could also say by revenge. It will be gone from the fool’s hand soon. The fruits of the hard and honest worker will increase. Good and evil being the comparison. Those who obtain wealth by evil, will lose it by so. Wealth in the way of good and honesty will stay honest and upright.
12 Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.
When hope or notable accomplishments are delayed, the faithful heart is grieved and depressed. When it is achieved, the heart is happy and relieved. “The tree of life” when compared to the rest of the bible represents the gaining of wisdom Proverbs 3:18, righteousness Proverbs 11:30 Proverbs 15:4 and heaven Revelation 2:7 Revelation 22:2 Revelation 22:14. It seems Solomon speaks of the hope of all three. Wisdom attained is glorious, a righteous man is glorious, and eternal heaven will be undoubtedly the most glorious of all. The sincere hopes of either can be delayed by certain things. Yet, when obtained they are instantly a tree of life.
13 Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.
The word, of course, is the word of God. Any man who despises the word of God we see, will be destroyed. Sad to think, since many despise God's word. The saddest, they see themselves as smart for doing so. In their self-gratification they send themselves to hell. The man who fears God's word will be rewarded. The first sense of reward and the most powerful is salvation. For serving God, his reward is salvation.
Reference: Isaiah 30:11-13, Psalm 106:23-25, Psalm 112:1,
14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
The law (word of God) gives salvation, in turn it is a fountain of eternal life. This is our greatest blessing from God. In the verses below from the book of Jeremiah. God himself is the fountain of living waters. The wise know the law is a fountain of life. Therefore, they follow it to escape hell bellow. Also, if a man seeks wisdom, he searches for the beginning. Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom Proverbs 1:7.
16 Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open his folly.
The prudent man is careful or thoughtful. So, he is careful with his words and thinks before he speaks. But, the fool lays open his senseless babble. Making a public show of his foolishness. Everyone will know, he is a fool.
Reference: Job 15:1-3, Job 34:35, Job 35:16, Proverbs 12:16, Proverbs 14:15, Proverbs 22:3.
17 A wicked messenger falleth into mischief: but a faithful ambassador is health.
The wicked messenger will fall into some sort of disobedience when doing anything. Because, he diligently seeks misconduct. He will be instantly drawn to evil deeds. Yet, a trusted ambassador or representative has brought health with good news or truth. This man seeks well instead of disobedience.
Reference: Proverbs 4:16, Proverbs 6:13-15, Proverbs 10:23, Proverbs 11:13, Proverbs 25:13, Proverbs 1:22-24, Proverbs 6:23
The man who refuses instruction ( order or demand) will fall into poverty and shame. He will lack the sense to gain prosperity because he refuses advice. Advice that would lead him in the correct path. He will be shamed for his prideful refusal. We know instruction here refers to fearing God. Which were related in earlier passages. The man that listens to reproof (reveal faults) will be honored for his wisdom in doing so. Avoiding pride which brings shame.
Reference: Proverbs 11:23, Proverbs 13:12,
20 He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
The saying; "You are the company you keep!" is very true. If you associate with wise men, you will learn and grow in wisdom. But if you choose to associate with fools, you will be a fool. Learning from your surroundings is simple human nature. Just as a child learns from their parents, so will a person learn from his companions. Whether his companions are evil or wise.
Reference: Proverbs 29:3, 1 Corinthians 15:33, 2 Corinthians 6:14, 1 Corinthians 5:11, Proverbs 14:7, Psalm 1:1, Psalm 26:4-5
21 Evil pursueth sinners: but to the righteous good shall be re-payed.
Since sinners willfully live in sin. Not only will they do evil, but evil will certainly happen to them. Just as they wish to commit evil, evil will fall upon them. This is only common sense. After all; "if you play with fire, you will get burnt." Righteousness brings favor from man and God. His recompense is honor and salvation. The righteous are greatly paid for their good.
22 A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children’s children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.
A "good man" which would say; he is blessed by God. Since he is blessed, he is able to leave an inheritance not only to his children, but his grandchildren. What wealth a sinner obtains will be given to the just. This is true since what the sinner gains will be by ill gotten gain. What is gotten illegally or by corruption will soon be stripped away by the just.
Reverence: Proverbs 17:2 Ecclesiastes 7:11 Proverbs 17:6 Proverbs 12:13
23 Much food is in the tillage of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment.
The poor, being blessed by God, has much food on their tillage (farm land). In this proverb Solomon makes a comparison. It is between the poor and those who are debt collectors. Since the first part of this proverb speaks of the poor, one can safely say Solomon speaks of debt collectors. At first reading this proverb makes little since. Yet, men who want judgement hold surety against the poor. Therefore, due to their ruthlessness to obtain the debt, they destroy themselves. They reproach their maker (proverbs 14:31). Do not reproach your maker, have mercy on the poor.
Reference: Job 5:15, Job 5:15, Job 24:3-5, Job 24:8-10, Psalm 10:2, Proverbs 10:15, Proverbs 14:21, Proverbs 17:5, Proverbs 18:23, Proverbs 19:17, Proverbs 21:13
24 He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.
This proverb, of course, does not condone child abuse. The person who does not whip their children is asking for undisciplined children. This in effect ruins their life. They can not cope with the real world which demands discipline, (work, money management, sex, marriage, etc.) Basically, all things in life require discipline. If the child does not know it, his adult life will be disastrous. Moreover, he can not discipline his soul, so then he is also a fool. The man who has sense will discipline his child. The most fitting definition of betimes here would be occasionally. When needed, you must discipline your child. You should whip them because you love them. This being done only when it is necessary. Also, when they know why and the purpose of it being done.
Reference: Proverbs 22:15, Proverbs 23:13-15, Proverbs 29:15, Proverbs 29:17, Hebrews 12:9, Proverbs 3:11-12, Deuteronomy 8:5-6
25 The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want
The righteous fear God so has plenty to eat. God is the ultimate maker of all of the substance. Since God frowns on the wicked they will have little to eat. This keeps with the pattern of Proverbs.The Righteous is better than the wicked.
Reference: Proverbs 2:7 Proverbs 3:32 Proverbs 10:3
Chapter 14 Notes
1 Every wise woman buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.
The wise women as we see in Proverbs chapter 31. Is diligent in her work and is faithful to her work. She is devoted to her family. This is what Solomon speaks of here. Building her family up with admonition and love. Educating them in a Godly path. Her husband lifted up in the high places because of her diligence. She builds up the families honor and character. This is the honor of being a Godly family. The opposite is the fool who tears the family unit apart. Instead of uplifting the family she destroys them. Surely, a hateful woman to destroy her own family. With my own eyes, I have seen families like this. Constantly arguing or criticizing one another, and not building one another up. The outcome of this in adult life is very visible. Drunkenness and sexual immorality will ensue. Thus, the woman who hates her family and destroys it. Not only is it the destruction of the family persona, but the family structure in general. In Mark 3:25 Christ notes a house divided cannot stand. Which this, Proverb is comparative to. We see this in a wide aspect of life. Families, friends, politicians, and governments destroy themselves because of the division.
Reference: Proverbs 31,
2 He that walketh in his uprightness feareth the Lord: but he that is perverse in his ways despiseth him.
The upright (strictly honest) will fear God. He wishes to please God, so he walks honest and righteous. Yet, the man who is perverse (illogical, difficult, rebellious) despises God and his word. Making a mockery of God and his followers. These people are prevalent, most times among the young. Yet, growing among the aged. Solomon would have a simple word, to sum up, these people. Fools!
3 In the mouth of the foolish is a rod of pride: but the lips of the wise shall preserve them.
The mouth of a foolish man is full of pride. Rod seems to signify the strength of the fools pride. Punishment one receives by a rod and their extreme pain. Prideful words of a fool cause the same extreme pain. The inflicted pain from pride is mental. Since the wise will keep their mouth closed they save themselves or others from pain. It preserves them from physical destruction by those they insult. Also, sinning against God and your soul.
4 Where no oxen are, the crib is clean: but much increase is by the strength of the ox.
Oxen are needed for breaking and plowing a garden. Also, pulling heavy things. This was the case at least before the industrial age. They are however used in some countries for these jobs. If you have no oxen in your barn stall, of course, it will stay clean. But work can not be done without its strength. This is aimed at the lazy for one. Sure, without oxen you will have no work to do. But you will have no planting, harvest, or other labor done. Proverbs 6:10 tells us idle men will end up like a person punished with miserable work. He wants possessions or food so badly he is willing to commit armed robbery to obtain it. Currently our ox is tractors and the point here is no different. Without a tractor there is no maintenance, but no work will be done that needs its strength.
5 A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies.
The faithful or righteous will not lie for it is in their heart to tell the truth. In addition, their fear of God would certainly direct them in the direction of truth. But, the fool's conscience is not bothered by spewing many lies.
6 A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not: but knowledge is easy unto him that understandeth.
Those that mock God's wisdom seek their own form of knowledge that maintains no standing. Debating their so-called beliefs will bring out their foolishness. Therefore, they think they are wise but are not. But the person with the ability to understand God's word, learning it is easy. This individual's mind comprehends the state of man. He comprehends factual reality. As the saying goes, this man can "put two and two together."
7 Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.
Go far away from a fool. Avoid all contact with him. Do this, when you realize he spits out foolishness. Furthermore, he has no desire to acquire wisdom. Since your desire is to gain wisdom, why associate with such people? Less, you yourself turn into a fool. You may acquire such brutish ways.
Reference: Proverbs 24:7, Proverbs 13:20, 1 Corinthians 15:33, Psalm 26:4-5, 1 Corinthians 15:33-34, Proverbs 26:4-5
8 The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way: but the folly of fools is deceit.
The prudent man is cautious with his words, his judgement, and what he does. Thinking well before he acts with common sense and discernment. Hence he will understand his way. The man who lives by folly does the opposite and acts without good judgement. As we see in Proverbs 27:12 the prudent will look ahead and prepare. But the simple will go on and suffer the consequences for thoughtlessness. The way of folly may seem prosperous. But it is deceitful since you gamble your life with possible death, misfortune and dishonor.
Reference: Proverbs 8:12, Proverbs 14:15, Luke 14:28-32, Proverbs 5:22-23, Proverbs 18:13
9 Fools make a mock at sin: but among the righteous there is favour.
Those who mock or make fun of sin are fools. Mocking the seriousness of defying God"s will. The righteous will receive favor from God Psalm 5:12. The sinful will not receive his favor, because they refuse his commands. Thus, the mocker which is indeed a fool will have no favor from God. In contrast, the righteous will receive favor from God.
Reference: Galatians 6:6-8, Job 33:25-27, Psalm 106:4, Psalm 35:27, Psalm 106:3-5, Psalm 119:57-59, Proverbs 3:3-5, Proverbs 8:34-36, Proverbs 11:27, Proverbs 12:2,
Each human is special and each one has a special heart. Their experiences and memories are their's alone. No other man can fully grasp the joy or bitterness these things bring. They can not tamper with these memories, since they know not of them. All you have loved and hated is your special bitterness or joy. The heart is truly a special Gift from God for each man. Yet, we see in Proverbs 10:20, the heart of the wicked is of little value.
Reference: Proverbs 4:23, Proverbs 12:25
11 The house of the wicked shall be overthrown: but the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish.
The house built by the wicked is done by illicit means. It is constructed with money and materials collected by unlawful or despicable ways. God curses the home of the wicked Proverbs 3:33 and blesses the house of the righteous. Treasures of the evil profit nothing Proverbs 10:2. God will give necessities to the poor, but cast away the wicked man's substance Proverbs 10:3. Again the house of the wicked will be overthrown, and the dwelling of the righteous will stand Proverbs 12:7.
Reference: Proverbs 10:25, Proverbs 12:3, Proverbs 13:6, Proverbs 15:29, Proverbs 21:12
12 There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.
Men invent many things in their mind Ecclesiastes 7:29. False truths they have created themselves does not alter reality. Therefore, this way to them seems right, but is still false. In the end this leads to destruction for it is non-sense. God will judge them accordingly. Only by diligent study will the truth be found. No man has the ability to establish truth. It must be sought without bias or what you demand things to be. The truth has already been established and will remain. What remains must merely be sought out. It does not matter what men, society, or popularity wish this to be. Do not lean on your own understanding Proverbs 3:5.
Reference: Proverbs 16:25, Matthew 7:13-14, Proverbs 12:15, Galatians 6:3, Ephesians 5:6, Proverbs 30:12
13 Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.
We see in Ecclesiastes 7:4 that the heart of the fool is in the house of mirth. In Ecclesiastes 2:2 laughter is mad and pleasure is of no worth. Hence, the simpletons laughter is sorrowful knowing he is a fool. He remains a vain person and using his life for vanity. In the end of all his worthless laughter, his heart is sorrowful. Sad for wasting his life. Heart-broken for living life as a fool. Fear God now before you are to old to properly serve him Ecclesiastes 12. Fear God now before you grow old, and your heart is heavy for living life as a fool.
Reference: James 4:9, Luke 16:25, Ecclesiastes 11:9, Ecclesiastes 11:5-6, Ecclesiastes 2:10-11
14 The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man shall be satisfied from himself.
A backslider (falls away from Christianity, commits apostasy). They are filled with the sins they return to. In heart, surely means this person knows in his mind the day of his conversion to Christianity he will commit apostasy. He is a deceiver, liar, and a hypocrite. His own ways are evil, and he will be filled with his ways of evil. This does not speak of a brother or sister in Christ who makes a mistake and falls into sin. At one point we all fall into it, but this person wishes to continue sinning. The good will be satisfied since he is God fearing, honest and trustworthy. Since he truly wishes to be, his fruits satisfy him.
Reference: Proverbs 12:14, Proverbs 1:31-32 , Jeremiah 2:19, Hebrews 3:12, 2 Peter 2:20-22, Proverbs 12:2, Proverbs 12:14, Proverbs 13:2, Proverbs 20:6
15 The simple believeth every word: but the prudent man looketh well to his going.
The simpleton will fall into beliefs that are absolute non-sense. Since the simple has no lasting foundation in any truth. They believe any words spoken. We can clearly witness this in society when words of leaders, evangelists, and media are clung to as complete truth. They also never challenge these people to see if what they speak is true. The prudent test these so called truths. The prudent should be properly prepared with the truth to know non-sense when it is spoken. Pray constantly for wisdom, understanding, and knowledge. Study the truth well and do not forget it. Unless you wish to remain a simpleton who follows the masses over the cliff. A simpleton who follows madmen to drink poisoned cool aid.
Reference: Ephesians 5:17, 1 John 4:1, Ephesians 4:14, Proverbs 14:8, Proverbs 4:26, Romans 16:18-19
16 A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident.
The wise fear God and his judgement for sin.They turn away from evil since the end thereof is death. But, the fool who has no sense of right and wrong will go straight into wicked things. He recognizes no difference because this man has chosen foolishness and refuses God's wisdom and commands. Even being confident when pursuing evil. He in fact believes evil is profitable and honorable. They are like the man who pursues the immoral women. Proverbs 5:5 Her feet go down to death; her steps lead straight to the grave. This regards all evil!
Reference: Job 28:28, Psalm 34:14, Proverbs 3:7,
Proverbs 14:15, Proverbs 16:6, Proverbs 22:3
17 He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated.
Those who are easily aroused to anger are dangerous. The dangers of these people are innumerable. They are fools Ecclesiastes 7:9. Promote folly Proverbs 14:29. Stir up strife Proverbs 15:18. Stir up dissension and abounds in transgression Proverbs 29:22. They that are soon angry and prone to these dangers indeed deal foolishly. Those prone to anger should be avoided by the wise man, if they cherish wisdom. Also, when others see that this person is full of anger, he is hated.
Reference: Ephesians 4:26, Psalm 37:8, Proverbs 16:32, Proverbs 19:11, Proverbs 27:4, Colossians 3:8
18 The simple inherit folly: but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.
The simple here is born into a family of fools. When a child becomes old enough to learn foolishness, he inherits it all. He knows no different! This is a sad depiction of the moral decay of the family. How many millions of children are born amidst absolute fools. That is all these children will ever know. Born into a house full of Godlessness, drugs, drunks or abuse. Since this foolishness will be their first learning experience. More than likely, this is all they will ever be themselves. The prudent think much of actions before involving themselves in them. This brings wisdom and knowledge. After all their thinking, they are crowned with knowledge.
Reference: Proverbs 3:35, Proverbs 11:29-30, Proverbs 14:15, Proverbs 16:21, Proverbs 18:15,
19 The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.
20 The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich hath many friends.
21 He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he.
22 Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good.
23 In all labour there is profit: but the talk of the lips tendeth only to penury.
24 The crown of the wise is their riches: but the foolishness of fools is folly.
25 A true witness delivereth souls: but a deceitful witness speaketh lies.
26 In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.
27 The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
28 In the multitude of people is the king's honour: but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince.
29 He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.
31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
33 Wisdom resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but that which is in the midst of fools is made known.
34 Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people.